One of those ultra pretty plants that’ll instantly enliven any space is the monstera deliciosa—aka the Swiss cheese plant or split leaf philodendron. The Swiss cheese plant, Monstera adansonii, gets its name from its large, heart-shaped leaves. As the plant ages, the leaves become covered with holes that resemble Swiss cheese. This is a tropical perennial plant from Central and South American that is normally grown as a houseplant.
|Botanical Name||Monstera adansonii|
|Common Names||Swiss cheese plant, Adanson’s monstera, Swiss cheese vine, five holes plant|
|Plant Type||Tropical vining perennial|
|Mature Size||Up to 60 feet with proper support|
|Sun Exposure||Bright indirect light|
|Soil Type||Peat-based potting soil|
|Soil pH||5.5 to 7.0 (slightly acidic to neutral)|
|Bloom Time||Spring (but usually only in the wild)|
|Flower Color||Purple, cream|
|Hardiness Zones||10 to 11|
|Native Area||Central and South America|
Monstera deliciosa is a climber in its natural habitat, using its aerial roots to cling to large trees, so you should provide it with moss-covered support sticks or a trellis.
Monstera Light Needs
Monster plants are native to the jungles of Central and South America, where they grow under the coverage of trees. Therefore, the plants grow best in indirect sunlight. If direct sunlight is unavoidable, limit the exposure to just two to three hours of morning sun.
Monsteras are very tolerant when it comes to watering. A schedule probably won’t be beneficial, as there are times when your plant will need more or less water. In general, you will want to water your plant when the top one-and-a-half to two inches of soil in the pot becomes dry—test by poking your finger into the soil or using a moisture meter with a probe.